ScienceDaily: Living Well News

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ScienceDaily: Living Well News


Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging
Calorie counts on restaurant menus have customers ordering less
Mixed chemicals in beauty products may harm women's hormones
Expedited partner therapy: With STDs at an all-time high, why aren't more people getting a proven treatment?
BPA replacements in plastics cause reproductive problems in lab mice
People show confirmation bias even about which way dots are moving
The art of storytelling: Researchers explore why we relate to characters
Anti-inflammatory diet linked to reduced risk of early death
Keep them guessing, keep them gaming
Air purifiers may benefit fetal growth


Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging



Posted: 14 Sep 2018 05:48 AM PDT


As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That's one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during old age. But, according to a new study, there may be a remedy to delay the inevitable: dietary fiber.


Calorie counts on restaurant menus have customers ordering less



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 01:00 PM PDT


Researchers conducted a randomized experiment and found that diners at full service restaurants whose menus listed calories ordered meals with 3 percent fewer calories -- about 45 calories less -- than those who had menus without calorie information. Customers ordered fewer calories in their appetizer and entree courses, but their dessert and drink orders remained the same.


Mixed chemicals in beauty products may harm women's hormones



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 10:45 AM PDT


Researchers have discovered links between chemicals that are widely used in cosmetic and personal care products and changes in reproductive hormones.


Expedited partner therapy: With STDs at an all-time high, why aren't more people getting a proven treatment?



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:39 AM PDT


In a new paper, physicians describe the barriers that stand in the way of getting expedited partner therapy to more people.


BPA replacements in plastics cause reproductive problems in lab mice



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:39 AM PDT


Twenty years ago, researchers made the accidental discovery that BPA had leached out of plastic cages used to house female mice in the lab, causing an increase in chromosomally abnormal eggs. Now, the same team is back to report that the array of alternative bisphenols now used to replace BPA in BPA-free bottles, cups, cages, and other items appear to come with similar problems for their mice.


People show confirmation bias even about which way dots are moving



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:39 AM PDT


People have a tendency to interpret new information in a way that supports their pre-existing beliefs, a phenomenon known as confirmation bias. Now, researchers have shown that people will do the same thing even when the decision they've made pertains to a choice that is rather less consequential: which direction a series of dots is moving and whether the average of a series of numbers is greater or less than 50.


The art of storytelling: Researchers explore why we relate to characters



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:38 AM PDT


For thousands of years, humans have relied on storytelling to engage, to share emotions and to relate personal experiences. Now, psychologists are exploring the mechanisms deep within the brain to better understand just what happens when we communicate.


Anti-inflammatory diet linked to reduced risk of early death



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:38 AM PDT


A new study finds that adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet is associated with lower risks of dying from any cause, dying from cardiovascular causes, and dying from cancer.


Keep them guessing, keep them gaming



Posted: 12 Sep 2018 11:44 AM PDT


While conventional wisdom says that people don't like uncertain gains or rewards, a new study finds that uncertainty can play an important role in motivating repeat behaviors.


Air purifiers may benefit fetal growth



Posted: 12 Sep 2018 10:35 AM PDT


A new study reveals fetal growth may improve if pregnant women use portable air purifiers inside their homes.
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