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ScienceDaily: Science & Society News


Calorie counts on restaurant menus have customers ordering less
Suspending young students risks future success in school
Expedited partner therapy: With STDs at an all-time high, why aren't more people getting a proven treatment?
People show confirmation bias even about which way dots are moving
Open insulin, 'DIY bio' and the future of pharma
One in three college freshmen worldwide reports mental health disorder
Heat-related deaths likely to increase significantly as global temperatures rise, warn researchers
Poorest Americans most likely to have used prescription opioids
Rural and urban communities need different policies to boost economic mobility
Business genius can be taught, study says
Halting biodiversity loss: Political actions are required, not additional scientific knowledge
Increase in fentanyl -- responsible for 44 percent of New York City overdose deaths -- has led to apprehension and caution


Calorie counts on restaurant menus have customers ordering less



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 01:00 PM PDT


Researchers conducted a randomized experiment and found that diners at full service restaurants whose menus listed calories ordered meals with 3 percent fewer calories -- about 45 calories less -- than those who had menus without calorie information. Customers ordered fewer calories in their appetizer and entree courses, but their dessert and drink orders remained the same.


Suspending young students risks future success in school



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 10:45 AM PDT


New research finds that young suspended students -- especially boys -- are likely to be suspended again later in elementary school.


Expedited partner therapy: With STDs at an all-time high, why aren't more people getting a proven treatment?



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:39 AM PDT


In a new paper, physicians describe the barriers that stand in the way of getting expedited partner therapy to more people.


People show confirmation bias even about which way dots are moving



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:39 AM PDT


People have a tendency to interpret new information in a way that supports their pre-existing beliefs, a phenomenon known as confirmation bias. Now, researchers have shown that people will do the same thing even when the decision they've made pertains to a choice that is rather less consequential: which direction a series of dots is moving and whether the average of a series of numbers is greater or less than 50.


Open insulin, 'DIY bio' and the future of pharma



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:39 AM PDT


A growing community of do-it-yourself 'biohackers' are disrupting business-as-usual for pharmaceutical discovery, development and distribution. A new article looks at how the pharmaceutical industry, and the U.S. regulatory environment, will need to change in response.


One in three college freshmen worldwide reports mental health disorder



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 08:39 AM PDT


A new study finds that more than one-third of first-year university students in eight industrialized countries around the globe report symptoms consistent with a diagnosable mental health disorder.


Heat-related deaths likely to increase significantly as global temperatures rise, warn researchers



Posted: 13 Sep 2018 05:21 AM PDT


In a new article, experts argue that the world needs to keep global temperatures in check by meeting the goals set out in the Paris Agreement, or more people could die because of extreme temperatures.


Poorest Americans most likely to have used prescription opioids



Posted: 12 Sep 2018 05:24 PM PDT


New research finds that among older Americans, the poorest are the most likely to have used prescription opioids. The study also raises important questions about access to pain management options for the disadvantaged in the current climate of the opioid epidemic.


Rural and urban communities need different policies to boost economic mobility



Posted: 12 Sep 2018 10:35 AM PDT


The farther away from a city a person is raised, the more likely they are to climb the economic ladder, according to economists, who also found that community characteristics associated with upward mobility actually have different effects in rural and urban locations.


Business genius can be taught, study says



Posted: 12 Sep 2018 10:35 AM PDT


How did Steve Jobs do it? What about Whole Foods Market and Starbucks? These kinds of 'breakout' success stories show what is possible when business leaders imagine into the future rather than re-enacting the past -- a strategy that a new study says is crucial for business success in a rapidly changing world.


Halting biodiversity loss: Political actions are required, not additional scientific knowledge



Posted: 12 Sep 2018 10:35 AM PDT


Over 15 years, almost 13,000 scientific papers have been published in the leading conservation science journals. Yet biodiversity remains threatened at a global scale. Researchers have now focused on this worrisome paradox by taking a deeper look at this large volume of literature. One of the major problems is that decisions are usually more favorable to human activities than to nature protection.


Increase in fentanyl -- responsible for 44 percent of New York City overdose deaths -- has led to apprehension and caution



Posted: 12 Sep 2018 08:18 AM PDT


A new study finds that people who use drugs in New York City have adjusted their behaviors to avoid overdose.
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