ScienceDaily: Top Environment News

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ScienceDaily: Top Environment News


New antifungal provides hope in fight against superbugs
Expert unlocks mechanics of how snakes move in a straight line
Print a 200-million-year-old dinosaur 'fossil' in your own home
Can Muesli help against arthritis?
Thinking outside the box on climate mitigation
Species identification in the water bottle
New technology will create brain wiring diagrams
Jet stream changes since 1960s linked to more extreme weather
Experts raise concerns over raw meat diets for cats and dogs
Human protein may aid neuron invasion by virus that causes hand, foot, and mouth disease
Different strains of same bacteria trigger widely varying immune responses
Re-programming innate immune cells to fight tuberculosis
Students more engaged and attentive following outdoor lesson in nature
Urban insects are more resilient in extreme weather
A major step forward in organic electronics
Climate impacts of deforestation
Cell biology: Positioning the cleavage furrow
As climate is warming up, more bird nests are destroyed in Finnish farmland
Pregnant women in NC exposed to less secondhand nicotine after ‘smoking ban’


New antifungal provides hope in fight against superbugs



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 10:29 AM PST


Microscopic yeast have been wreaking havoc in hospitals around the world -- creeping into catheters, ventilator tubes, and IV lines -- and causing deadly invasive infection. One culprit species, Candida auris, is resistant to many antifungals, meaning once a person is infected, there are limited treatment options. But researchers have now confirmed a new drug compound kills drug-resistant C. auris, both in the laboratory and in a mouse model that mimics human infection.


Expert unlocks mechanics of how snakes move in a straight line



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 10:29 AM PST


Biologists are studying the mechanics of snake movement to understand exactly how they can propel themselves forward like a train through a tunnel.


Print a 200-million-year-old dinosaur 'fossil' in your own home



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 10:28 AM PST


The digital reconstruction of the skull of a 200-million-year-old South African dinosaur, Massospondylus, has made it possible for researchers to make 3-D prints and in this way facilitate research on other dinosaurs all over the world.


Can Muesli help against arthritis?



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 10:27 AM PST


It is well known that healthy eating increases our general sense of wellbeing. Researchers have now discovered that a fiber-rich diet can have a positive influence on chronic inflammatory joint diseases, leading to stronger bones.


Thinking outside the box on climate mitigation



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 07:51 AM PST


A new article lays the groundwork for alternative climate mitigation scenarios that place less reliance on unproven negative emissions technologies in the future.


Species identification in the water bottle



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 07:51 AM PST


Environmental DNA analysis makes it possible to detect water organisms without having to capture them first. For the first time, researchers systematically investigated the effect of various environmental factors on environmental DNA analyses. By doing so, the researchers have made an important step towards the standardized application of this method for the monitoring of water bodies.


New technology will create brain wiring diagrams



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 06:59 AM PST


Scientists have developed new technology that allows them to see which neurons are talking to which other neurons in live fruit flies.


Jet stream changes since 1960s linked to more extreme weather



Posted: 12 Jan 2018 06:12 AM PST


Increased fluctuations in the path of the North Atlantic jet stream since the 1960s coincide with more extreme weather events in Europe such as heat waves, wildfires and flooding. The new research is the first reconstruction of historical changes in the North Atlantic jet stream prior to the 20th century. By using tree rings, the researchers developed a historical look at the position of the North Atlantic jet back to 1725.


Experts raise concerns over raw meat diets for cats and dogs



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 07:40 PM PST


Experts are warning dog and cat owners to be aware of the risks associated with feeding their pets raw meat-based diets, instead of the more conventional dry or canned pet foods.


Human protein may aid neuron invasion by virus that causes hand, foot, and mouth disease



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 11:17 AM PST


A human protein known as prohibitin may play a significant role in infection of the nervous system by EV71, one of several viruses that can cause hand, foot, and mouth disease.


Different strains of same bacteria trigger widely varying immune responses



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 11:17 AM PST


Genetic differences between different strains of the same pathogenic bacterial species appear to result in widely varying immune system responses, according to new research.


Re-programming innate immune cells to fight tuberculosis



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 11:16 AM PST


Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease which attacks the lungs, claims someone's life every 20 seconds and 1.5 million lives worldwide every year. A cure has eluded scientists for more than a century but, now, researchers may have discovered a new weapon to combat this global killer. The team is re-programing - or 'training' - immune cells to kill TB.


Students more engaged and attentive following outdoor lesson in nature



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 08:53 AM PST


A study has found that children are significantly more attentive and engaged with their schoolwork following an outdoor lesson in nature. Teachers could teach uninterrupted for almost twice as long during a subsequent indoor lesson. Outdoor lessons may be an inexpensive and convenient way to improve student engagement.


Urban insects are more resilient in extreme weather



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 08:53 AM PST


A new study will help researchers understand how to make predictions and conservation decisions about how organisms living in cities will respond to catastrophic weather events.


A major step forward in organic electronics



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 08:53 AM PST


Researchers have developed the world's first complementary electrochemical logic circuits that can function stably for long periods in water. This is a highly significant breakthrough in the development of bioelectronics.


Climate impacts of deforestation



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 08:53 AM PST


Deforestation is likely to warm the climate even more than originally thought, scientists warn. Research has found reactive gases emitted by trees and vegetation have an overall cooling effect on our climate, meaning deforestation would lead to higher temperatures than previously anticipated as less of the gases would be created.


Cell biology: Positioning the cleavage furrow



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 07:14 AM PST


Researchers have identified a signaling pathway that restricts cleavage furrow formation to the mid-plane of the cell.


As climate is warming up, more bird nests are destroyed in Finnish farmland



Posted: 11 Jan 2018 07:08 AM PST


A new study shows that birds have shifted the time of their breeding much faster than the farmers are anticipating their sowing times in Finnish farmland. This means that more birds are nowadays laying their eggs on fields that are still to be sown, a mismatch in timing that is most likely fatal for the bird nests.


Pregnant women in NC exposed to less secondhand nicotine after ‘smoking ban’



Posted: 10 Jan 2018 07:35 PM PST


A new study has found pregnant women experienced less secondhand smoke exposure since the 2009 passage of the ‘smoking ban’ in North Carolina, which outlawed smoking inside public places such as bars and restaurants.
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